TRANSPORT & MOBILITY
5,5 ECTS credits.
The Transport and Mobility area will deal with the urban mobility challenges that cities are facing regarding the need of a sustainable and inclusive transport system. It will deal with transport planning and the relationships it has with urban planning, the use of ICT and the different kinds of mobility that are needed to foster in order to achieve a sustainable urban network.
Cities are at the core of the European and worldwide life and they are the engine running most of the economy. Most of the European citizens live in cities and 85% of the welfare is located in cities. But cities also suffer the aggressive impacts of non-sustainable mobility patterns. Therefore it is crucial to implement strategies to assure liveable cities, a healthy system and growing economies at the same time. That goal requires matching economic growth, quality of life and environmental protection in cities. To that end we need sustainable strategies to change our life styles to be less dependent of pollutant vehicles and to reduce the need of travel.
The future of urban mobility faces two main problems; on the one hand, the growth and sprawl of urban population and on the other hand the already high and growing motorization rates. Urban mobility is vital for the functioning of the cities; however, the mentioned trends cause a number of negative impacts such as congestion, accidents or pollution.
Better transport solutions are a key element of a city in order to achieve its environmental, social and economic objectives and to meet the expectations of a changing society. Smart solutions for urban transport are being developed towards:
- Offering seamless transport services for passengers and goods
- Improving traffic planning and transport demand management
- Reducing urban transport emissions and air pollution
- Improving public transport performance and making it cleaner safer and more efficient
- Moving towards sustainable mobility and seamless multi-modality
- Identifying mobility needs and preferences and therefore improve the mobility of people and goods by collecting, processing and distributing information.
Smart cities could provide the technological base to deploy less car dependent mobility patterns. Information and communications systems will help to develop working, shopping, social trips in a more sustainable way. By planning the urban space with much control on the urban sprawl (expansion of cities), restricting the use of car in urban areas and developing intelligent public transport systems of high quality, a better and more efficient urban mobility networks can be achieved and thus, a better city for all. The Transport and Mobility area will structure its contents in seven topics; each of them will be developed with its theory and case examples. Students will solve a case study using the PLUTO software and it will be presented at a public jury.
- Mobility trends. The world’s population is increasingly city based. By 2050 nearly 70% of the population will live in cities. Curbing mobility is not an option, so it is needed to face this challenge through sustainable mobility solutions.
- Traffic and the city. The increasing private car use has made traffic congestion one of the main striking problems in the city. To cope with this, traffic management and control (road capacity, accesses, parking, etc.) is one of the main tools for the city councils.
- Mobility surveys. Why and how people move? Mobility surveys are the key tool to know the mobility patterns in the urban areas: trip purpose, mean of transport, spatial distribution, scheduling, etc. This information allows mobility planning.
- Public transport modes. Networks design, main characteristics of the public transport modes, level of service and the interaction with the urban planning (Transit Oriented Demand schemes) are the key elements to be developed under this topic.
- The liveable city. Urban mobility planning is a challenging and complex task. Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMP), in contrast to traditional transport planning approaches, places particular emphasis on the involvement of citizens and stakeholders and the coordination of policies such as transport, land use, environment, economic development, social policy, health, safety, energy, etc.
- Seamless and sustainable mobility. Public transport interchanges are key elements for improving seamless mobility in order to make transfers short, easier and comfortable, especially in the urban areas where multi-stage trips are increasing. This topic will deal with the design, location, funding, etc. of urban interchanges.
- City logistics. Urban freight distribution has a striking impact on the safety, quality of life, environment and air quality of cities: freight vehicles represent 8-15% of total traffic flow in urban areas, accounting for 10-15% of the final cost of the finished product on average.
- Modelling better mobility. A view of current transport modelling processes to predict the long term impacts of new policy measures. It will include a brief explanation of the theoretical mathematical fundamentals and some practical applications.
- Land use and transport integration. All activities are interacting in a loop on the territory, using the transport system as communication channels. Therefore it is necessary to understand how they interact in a systemic way and the limitations and potentialities of the different transport networks.