The connectivity challenge is easy to pass, as we are living through incredible developments on it: 3G, 4G, Lifi, etc. But the next step in connectivity will be the IoT, where the Network technology has begun to incorporate day-to-day objects
To answer the Smart Cities call, we will need three elements: connectivity, memory and energy. The first two are very important. The third one is indispensable. The connectivity challenge is easy to pass, as we are living through incredible developments on it: 3G, 4G, Lifi, etc. But the next step in connectivity will be the IoT, where the Network technology has begun to incorporate day-to-day objects. But, will we be able to provide memory to a light bulb, a sprinkler, a plug?
The incredible amount of data and information that we need to develop for the IoT is collected via sensors, and has dozens of uses: it may be for moisture, in the case of a sprinkler detecting when to irrigate; temperature, for air conditioning deciding when we will need heat or cold, or the amount of light, for a light bulb. But this enormous amount of data is difficult to handle and, more importantly, to convey. Thanks to flash technology, which is making memory devices smaller and smaller, this challenge is accessible, too. However, this technology is more expensive, although it can save money in other areas, such as energy.
Energy, the key for the success of IoT
Data management is, however, only one side of the coin of IoT. Energy efficiency is also a fundamental aspect in new devices that connect to the network. We do not yet have the kind of cheap, green, and sustainable energy to develop the incredible amount of energy that a Smart City would need. But, as we have said before when talking about memory, we can save costs in other areas.
To give an example, the phones that connect to 4G networks optimise their energy costs much more than previous generations. And when 5G technology is developed, this trend will continue to grow. Most new objects that connect to the Internet consume very little energy and make no overhead for the network. A network of low-power energy saving broadcasts is already active for this type of connection.
This October, MCS will begin the next school year. The program has been finalised and, of course, we will have many classes and lectures about the IoT. If you are interested in this field and you want lo advance your technical and theoretical knowledge, join us now. Few spaces are available.