Technological companies are increasingly interested in these kind of networks. Thus, companies such as Ethernet, IP, Siemens, Ericsson Telefónica, Cisco or Endesa are investing in start-ups based on this concept.
The term Smart Grid is used to define intelligent electric networks, and it is fundamental to understanding the concept of a Smart City. In Smart Grids, electricity does not go only one way. It is bidirectional, and allows homes and businesses (consumers) to become producers of energy.
However, to get its objectives, Smart Grids need modern information technologies, with telematic counters that save energy and give clues about consumption patterns, as well as control data centres from which the network can be managed in real time.
It is also strongly related to the electric car due to the fact that the installation of a network of these characteristics at urban level allows the installation of numerous fast charging points throughout the city.
In addition, these networks can also operate autonomously and do not require a large-scale installation. In fact, we can implement smart micro grids in small spaces such as shopping centres or residential areas, with their own power generators, usually based on solar energy or wind power.
Thus, our own homes can be Smart Grids too. These Smart Homes also have technological solutions able to make rational use of energy, optimizing consumption and integrating all appliances in the house (from the toaster or washing machine to the television and computer) with the network, increasing the consuming life of these objects.
Advantages of Smart Grids
- Increasing the reliability of the electrical system, preventing breakdowns and acting more quickly and effectively when they occur.
- Facilitating power management by the user, who can control spending and power generation in real time from their own home.
- Energy losses by distribution being reduced and contributing to the improvement of the environment, especially if the self-generation of energy by households is based on renewable energies.
- Increased security, responding in real time to incidents that might occur.
- It is cheaper, allowing the reuse of existing infrastructure without the need to build new infrastructure.
Technological companies are increasingly interested in these kind of networks. Thus, companies such as Ethernet, IP, Siemens, Ericsson Telefónica, Cisco or Endesa are investing in start-ups based on this concept. This has increased the demand for professionals with a holistic view of the city who could work in the correct implementation of this technology in the urban environment