Internet of Things is linked to the concept of big data. Indeed, it is essential to collect good data to create plans and models that increase citizens’ quality of life.
The XXI century will be the century of Smart Cities, but for this to occur, the application of information technology is essential. This results in a successful deployment of Internet of Things (IoT).
IoT is a term many people are using these days. It is a way of referring to all the small networks and new technologies that connect us to the objects that surround us. Likewise, it is the most visible part of Smart Cities, perceptible in homes with small appliances connected to the Internet (lightbulbs, television, alarms ...) and in the thousands of sensors installed in city streets to collect data: lights, sewers, vehicles ...
Eco-Neighbourhoods and Intelligent Energy Consumption
We are talking about tangible practises that develop real and achievable projects, like the integration of the infrastructure of El Prat airport (Barcelona) within a control platform or the eco-neighbourhood Valdespartera in Zaragoza
, with intelligent energy
consumption. The new irrigation system
, called Irrigestlife, of parks and gardens in Vitoria-Gastreiz is another good example of proper use of IoT in Spain.
IoT is linked to the concept of big data. Indeed, it is essential to collect good data to create plans and models that increase citizens’ quality of life. And this is seen in both in government and private companies.
For example, Samsung wants all its manufactured devices (telephones, ovens, vacuum cleaners ...) to be connected to Internet by 2020. Meanwhile, from a public administration point of view, many public transport
systems are beginning to opt for smart cards, which allow, thanks to studying daily trips of citizens, more efficient transport planning.
A Safer City ... Respecting Privacy
We also have an issue of street security. IoT can be a very good solution for this. Now we can very closely control the commission of crimes, traffic fines, speed limits, demand for public transport and even cleanness of the city to arrange more efficient street cleaning routes, with hidden cameras. With all of this, going out will be as safe as staying at home thanks to the implementation of alarm systems that, of course, have to respect the privacy of cities’ inhabitants.
Is it just a dream? No, we are closer than you might expect to realizing this idea. However, we will need standards and collaboration between both public and private entities to make cities more valuable.